A Free Orff Arrangement for Practicing Rhythm vs Beat

Miss White had a fright
In the middle of the night
Saw a ghost eating toast
Halfway up the lamp post!

Here's a fun arrangement to use with your young students, just in time for Halloween!


About the Arrangement

The name of the game here is simplicity! 

I can't even begin to tell you the number of times I've looked at an arrangement and thought "Oh yeah, we can learn that in time!" and grossly underestimated the amount of time it would take to put the arrangement together. 

This arrangement is designed for simplicity. This is made to be able to be thrown together in a few lessons if your students have already been practicing rhythm vs beat. 


For this arrangement I've given the steady beat to the metals (finger cymbals and triangle). Membrane instruments have the rhythm (congas and bongos). This was to give just one more layer of differentiation of the rhythm and beat through the texture of instruments. The wind chimes add some spooky ambiance to make this perfect for halloween.
That said, you could use whatever instruments you have available in your classroom as well! 

A Learning Plan: 

Rhythm vs Beat

Before students play this arrangement they should already know the terms rhythm and beat, and be comfortable speaking and playing both

They'll also need to be very familiar with the rhyme, Miss White

Rhythm vs Beat

1. Speak and Clap

Have one half of the room speak and clap the rhythm of the words while the other half speaks and claps the steady beat. Make sure to switch the groups so that all students can practice both parts.

Be sure students speak this in their spookiest, most expressive, whisper-like voices!

2. Audiate and Clap

This flows very easily after students are comfortable speaking and clapping rhythm and beat. Simply ask them to "speak the rhyme in their heads" and repeat the activity from step 1. 

3. Put on instruments! 

Now the fun begins! The transition to instruments should be an easy one but always take time to remind students about how to treat the instruments with respect (remind them instruments are not toys).

They'll simply have the instrument "speak for them" while they speak the rhyme in their heads. Lastly, you can add the wind chimes. 

For an Extension: 

For an extension of this arrangement, have students create some ostinati they make themselves. Something like "Ah! A ghost" or "Ghost eating toast" would be perfect. These can even go on instruments if you have time!

Click to download the arrangement! 

Happy teaching! 

The Best Way to Teach Rhythm Vs. Beat

Music must not be approached from its intellectual, rational side, nor should it be conveyed to the child as a system of algebraic symbols, or as a secret writing of a language with which he has no connection. The way should be paved for direct intuition.
— Kodaly

I love this quote from Zoltan Kodaly about teaching music. 

This "direct intuition" he talks about is a core part of the Kodaly teaching philosophy: everything is sequenced so that the child can take the next step of the learning process in the most natural way.

The Importance of Rhythm vs. Beat

One of the first discriminations children must learn is how to tell the difference between the rhythm and the beat. 

Being able to recognize and perform this difference on cue is crucial, since it's the basis for all the rhythmic work we do later. 

Sometimes this difference can seem vague and perhaps arbitrary to students. In fact, there are even many adults who don't understand the difference between rhythm and beat. 

For example, if you ask someone why they like a particular song, they might say, "I really like the beat".  In reality they're not talking about the even, steady pulse of the beat. They're talking about the rhythm of the groove. 

It may be one of the most misunderstood - yet most simple - musical concepts.

How can we, as Kodaly said, "pave the way for direct intuition" when it comes to rhythm vs beat? Keep reading! 

How to Teach Rhythm vs Beat


1. Prepare


To prepare this aurally, write the name of several songs above on the whiteboard (I recommend this collection but you can use your own favorites too!). Sing through or play the games to the songs from this post. Then clap the rhythm of one of the opening lines and invite students to guess your "mystery song".

This is where having a collection of songs with unique opening lines comes in handy!


For preparing the song physically, pick your favorite of the five and ask students to sing it with you while you clap the steady beat. 

Then, invite them to "catch the words" as they sing. Demonstrate by holding your hands close to your mouth and clapping once for each syllable you sing. 

Some students get this instinctively but many need plenty of practice before they can do it without a model.


Use the printables from the Folk Song Index to prepare rhythm vs. beat visually. (Just scroll down to “Activity Sheets.”)

Pick one of the songs represented in the printable and ask students to point to the hearts as you sing. Then switch and ask them to sing as they point to the icons. 

I've created these printables for you in color and black and white, as well as with and without words. 

Sooooo many options! 

Download here

Happy printing! 

2. Present

To present, pick a song students already know and label the action they've already been doing.

Here's a sample script: 

Presenting Rhythm vs Beat

3. Practice

Rhythm vs Beat


For aural practice, use an instrument like a glockenspiel or woodblock to play a phrase from one of the songs. Ask students to tell if you were playing the rhythm or steady beat.

You can also have a student volunteer to play the instrument and give him or her the instruction of playing either the rhythm or the steady beat.

Rhythm vs Beat


Pick one of the songs and ask the class to pat the rhythm while you sing. Then sing it again while they clap the rhythm. 

Divide the class in two and sing the song a third time - one group pats the beat and another claps the rhythm. You can get instruments involved here as well; kids love this activity! 

Rhythm vs Beat


Use these pictures to help students practice rhythm vs beat visually.  You can do this in small groups of 2 or 3, or together as a class. 

Clap the rhythm of a song and guide the class in asking how many sounds they heard on a beat. Place either one icon or two icons over each heart to represent the sounds.

Printable P P P Cards

Each of these cards has the lesson outline we talked through above. I have a file where I keep lesson idea cards like this that are easy to pop into a lesson plan when I feel stuck. You can start your own file or save them to your favorite digital storage device like Evernote or Google Drive. 

You can download them in the Folk Song Index. Just scroll down to "activity sheets".

Rhythm vs. Beat Worksheets

While you're at it, don't forget to print off the Rhythm vs Beat worksheets. They're available in the Folk Song Index under “Activity Sheets.” 

Happy teaching!